How To Install Arch Linux – Every Linux distribution is equipped with a single default desktop environment that is selected from various desktop environments available for Linux. But you don’t have to stick with the default. Changing the desktop environment is as simple as installing a software package and selecting your chosen environment on the sign-in screen, known as the display manager. You don’t need to install a completely different Linux distribution. Here’s the tutorial How To Install Arch Linux:
How To Install Arch Linux
• Welcome Screen
The first screen that you will see is the Welcome Screen that displays some information and installation options. Press Enter to start the installation in normal or “Linux” mode. You can see some options and parameters that you can give to the installation program if you experience problems. Pressing F1 will open the Help screen. There are several options available for you to choose from. Now we proceed to the next installation process. When the installer starts, you will see a graphical interface.
• Select a language
The first step is to choose the language you want to use. The language you choose generally affects the Installer, documentation and system. First, select the area where you are. Then the language you use. Click the Advanced button to select another language to be installed on your computer, which will also install system documentation and applications from that language. For example, if someone who uses your computer cannot have some English, choose English as the default language and Indonesian in the Advanced section.
• License Term of Distribution
Before proceeding, you must read the license agreement. Read carefully and do not rush. Make sure you understand all the contents contained in it. If something is unclear or not understood, you can ask directly via e-mail to the vendor, or to other Mandrakelinux users. The agreement covers the entire distribution of Mandrakelinux. If you agree, check (√) the Accept box. If not, click the Quit button and your computer will reboot.
• Select the type of installation
This step is only activated if you find the GNU / Linux partition on your computer. DrakX needs to know whether you want to do a new installation or upgrade from Mandrakelinux before. Installing in general will delete the old system. However, depending on the partition model, you can prevent your data (especially the Home Directory) from being deleted. If you want to change partitions, or file systems you must choose this option. You can use an upgrade to update the package installed on Mandrakelinux. Partitions and user data will not be changed. Most other configurations remain and are the same as standard installations.
• Keyboard configuration
Check whether the choice is what you want or choose another type of keyboard. You may not find a keyboard that matches your language. If yes, you can choose Keyboard from the list. Click the More button to see a list of other supported keyboard. If you choose a keyboard with non latin alphabet, in the next dialog box you can choose the button used to move from latin to non latin.
• Set the Security
Here you can choose the level of security for your computer. In general, the level of security must be made higher if your computer contains very important data, or if it is seen directly from the Internet. The negative impact of a higher level of security is reduced ease of use. If you don’t know which one to choose, use the Default option. You can change it later using Draksec, which is located at Mandrakelinux Control Center. Fill in the Administrator Security Field with the e-mail address responsible for security. Security messages will be sent to that address.
• Select Installation Location
Now choose where you want to install Mandrakelinux. Depending on the configuration of the hard drive, you will see several options. “Use Free Space” will automatically partition empty hard disk space. If you want to use the Linux partition on the hard disk, select “Use Existing Partition”. If you want to delete all data and partitions on the hard disk and replace them with Mandrakelinux, select “Erase Entire Disk”. Be careful because you cannot cancel this operation. Select “Custom Disk Partitioning” if you want to partition the hard drive manually.
• Choose Mount Point
Here the Linux partition found on your hard disk will be displayed. You can use the choices made by the Wizard, because they are suitable for most public installations. If you make changes, you don’t have to make the Root (“/”) partition the most. Do not select partitions that are too small or you will not be able to install enough software later. If you want to save data on a separate partition, you also need to create a “/ Home” partition (it can only be done if you have multiple Linux partitions).
• Select the partition to be formatted
If you use an old GNU / Linux partition, you might want to format some of them and delete the data contained in them. Note that you don’t need to format all partitions. You must format the partition that contains the system (such as /, / usr or / var), but does not have to reformat the partition that contains data (usually / Home). Be careful when choosing partitions. Next the Wizard displays the installation media found. Remove the check mark (√) on the installation CD box that you want to skip and then click OK.
• Select the package to be installed
Now it’s time to choose the program you want to install on the system. There are thousands of packages available for Mandrakelinux and as easily arranged, they are divided into the same application groups. Mandrakelinux divides packages into four groups, so even if you choose a “Workstation” installation you can also install applications from the “Server” group. Check (√) in the “Individual Package Selection” box, if you are familiar with the package provided or if you want to set what to install.
• Insert the Requested Installation CD
Insert the CD, and then click OK to continue the installation process. If you do not have the requested CD, click the Cancel button so that the package in question will not be installed. You don’t need to worry that the installation process will stop, because DrakX will jump to the next package and continue with the installation.
• Specify the Root Password
This is the most important time for the security of your GNU / Linux system. Root is a system administrator and the only user who can update, create users, change the overall system configuration and so on. In short, Root can do it all! That is why you have to choose a password that is hard to guess. DrakX will notify you if the password is too simple. The password should consist of alphanumeric characters and at least eight characters. As you can see, you are not forced to enter a password, but we don’t really agree with that.
• Create User
Unlike Root, which is a system administrator, users that you create here cannot change anything except their own files and configurations. You must make at least one ordinary User for yourself. This is the account that you use for your daily routine. Press the Accept User button to create another User. Click next if you have finished creating a user. Next you can set whether the computer automatically enters with one User. Use this feature if you only use the computer yourself.
• Check Parameters
As a review, DrakX will display a summary of information collected from your system. Depending on the hardware installed on the computer, you might encounter some or all of the following entries: Keyboard, Timezone, Region, etc. Each entry consists of the corresponding Hardware, followed by a brief summary of the current configuration. Click the Configure button to make the desired changes.
• Installation Update
To get the Update, you can download them from the Internet. Select “Yes” if you have an Internet connection, or “No” if you want to install the Update package later. When selecting “Yes” you will see a list of web locations where Updates can be taken. Choose the one closest to you. Select it, and press install or Cancel package to cancel.
• Reboot the System
Finally we come to the last step. The installation is now complete and your GNU / Linux system is ready to use. Click Reboot to reboot the system. Don’t forget to remove the installation media (CD-ROM or DVD). The first thing you see after the computer has finished testing Hardware is the Bootloader menu. From there you can choose the Operating System you want to run. Because we just installed Mandrakelinux, it’s certain that the Operating System we choose is Mandrakelinux.
• Log in to Linux
The first time accessing the Mandrakelinux system, you will see the Mandrakefirsttime Wizard which will help you in registering products and creating a Account Account. If you use the Mandrakelinux Download edition, you will first be asked to fill out a questionnaire. At the Windows login, click the icon that matches your login name. Type Password and then select the graphic environment that you want to use from the Session Type. The first time you log in, the Default environment is KDE. Click Login to start your session.